The first thing we are going to change is your thinking about Climate Change.
CHANGEBUSTERS
We love the planet!
A NEW WATER PARADIGM THE UNSEEN STORY OF MAN'S FOOTPRINT IN WATER WATERSINKS™
ECO SUSTAINABLE PLANET
and
THE ECOLOGY REVOLUTION
ECO SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY
Technology and Ecology working together.

RENEWABLE ECOLOGY
The science of the relationships between organisms and their environment,

Microbiogen Fuel
Yeast - The Ethanol Alternative 
A revolutionary new yeast has the potential to make ethanol a truly viable alternative fuel to petrol - and there's something like a 150 to 200 billion tonnes of suitable waste material made per annum in agriculture and forestry processes - that would be more than we need to make total replacement of petrol.
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Agrichar
Another Solution to Global Warming
Today, still practised in the hills of Lebanon, ovens are made by packing clay directly around the fuel, making them air-tight - deprived of oxygen the fuel is slowly burnt and the charcoal is used to enrich the soil.
Algae Oil Fuel
Leading-edge of the renewable oil industry
Recent breakthroughs in pond development and closed end loop systems put algae oil production companies on the leading-edge of the renewable oil industry.
Eco Sustainable PLanet
Renewable Soil
Soil Carbon Sequestation
Could Renewable Soil be the secret weapon the world is looking for? Enhance biological activity in the terrestrial biosphere - improve the productivity of agricultural land - and carbon flow.


Microbial Fuel Cells
Beer Wastewater into Electricity.
Creating a microbial fuel cell, which feeds continuously on the organics in the brewery wastewater, turning it into electricity and clean water.
A microbial fuel cell (MFC) converts chemical energy, available in a bio-convertible substrate, directly into electricity. To achieve this, bacteria are used as a catalyst to convert substrate into electrons.
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Microorganisms
Another Solution to Global Warming
Microorganisms, Worms and Beetles are all just doing what comes natural, they love to eat shit all day everyday and work dirt cheap.















Carbon Capture & Storage
Dependance on Oil-based Fertilizer and the Amazing Blue Green Algae
Coal-fired power stations produce CO2 and Carbon Capture & Storage is a hopeful solution. Another way to look at it is we can sequester CO2 into plants and trees (carbon storage). With power stations we can build a pond and fill it with water and pump CO2 into the pond to force feed blue green algae.

As my research reveals, depleted soil is bolstered with nutrients made from oil. The soil has not enough life to sustain food growth - unless the land is left fallow for a season - but instead of allowing the soil to recover - we substitute with external nutrients made from oil. Which means when the oil runs out so does the food. And so my research took me into soil and CO2 sequestration, which led me to blue green algae, which grows at such an enormous rate it doubles every day. In Hawaii there is a algae plague and the best they can do is scoop it out of the ocean, dry it and use it for fertilizer.

One man's fertilizer is another man's fertilizer.

One is derived from oil base and the other is the fastest growing plant on the planet - and could replace oil-based-fertilizer and sequest CO2 at the same time... and as it turns out algae is definitely the right place to look at.

ALGAE
Yield per gallon of acre for biodiesel

Soy - 48 gallons an acre
Rape Seed (Canola) - 127 gallons an acre
Algae 10,000 gallons per acre
















Using green algae to produce hydrogen from sunlight and water via photosynthesis
Researchers at the University of California at Berkeley have engineered a strain of green microalgae that could, with further refinements, produce vast amounts of hydrogen through photosynthesis. The breakthrough also could have application in a wide range of products, from biodiesel to cosmetics. Present efficiency is at around 30 cents / kW-h. In 2000, when the technology was first announced, they were at 300 cents / kW-h.

Theoretical optimum is at 3 cents / kW-h. This is based on observation of normal photosynthesis processes. It is also based on a marketing model of on-site hydrogen production and conversion to electricity, not requiring hydrogen storage and transport.

Methods of improving efficiency for commercial application include:
* genetic engineering of algae
* physiological factors to enhance algae's production

http://peswiki.com/index.php/Image:H2algae_UCBerkeley.jpg

Mutant Algae Is Hydrogen Factory - Researchers at the University of California at Berkeley have engineered a strain of pond scum that could, with further refinements, produce vast amounts of hydrogen through photosynthesis. The breakthrough also could have application in a wide range of products, from biodiesel to cosmetics. (PESWiki; Feb. 24)
















Antimicrobial activity of blue-green and green algae

The methanolic extract of a blue-green alga and two green algae have been investigated for in vitro antimicrobial activity against Proteus vulgaris, Bacillus cereus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus and Rhizopus nigricans using agar cup-plate method. Blue-green alga, namely, Microchaete tenera ; and green algae, namely, Nitella tenuissima and Sphaeroplea annulina , showed significant antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa . Microchaete tenera showed good antimicrobial activity against Proteus vulgaris and Aspergillus niger. Sphaeroplea annulina showed feeble antifungal activity against Aspergillus flavus .

Prashantkumar P, Angadi SB, Vidyasagar GM. Antimicrobial activity of blue-green and green algae. Indian J Pharm Sci 2006;68:647-8

Prashantkumar P, Angadi SB, Vidyasagar GM. Antimicrobial activity of blue-green and green algae. Indian J Pharm Sci [serial online] 2006 [cited 2008 Apr 18];68:647-8. Available from: http://www.ijpsonline.com/text.asp?2006/68/5/647/29638
















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Biolytix Wastewater Treatment
Microorganisms, Worms and Beetles

When Nature is firing, no man-made art can compete,
Dean Cameron observed what She's doing and has bottled it.

Microorganisms, Worms and Beetles are all just doing what comes natural,
they love to eat shit all day everyday and work dirt cheap.

Australia is the driest inhabited continent on the Earth.
Using drinking water to flush the toilet isn't one of our best ideas.
Using Biolytix to recover either Black or Grey household water
is just the beginning of their low-cost non-polluting systems.

The Biolytix System uses a diverse ecosystem living in an organic matrix to treat the wastewater. It harnesses the energy stored in putrescible wastes, including toilet waste, household food waste and paper products, to nourish billions of microbes and a stable mix of invertebrate soil decomposer organisms.

World - Beating Natural Waste Treatment

"A tenacious Australian inventor has solved the waste treatment riddle with a world-class system to turn all household waste - kitchen, bathroom, laundry - into irrigation water - without chemicals."

As an ecologist and environmental scientist, he looked to ecosystems for the answer. He observed the succession of organisms that moved in to break up various decomposing materials - and quickly found sponge like patterns in the architecture of decomposition."

"He also studied the breakdown of forest litter in rivers and in roof gutters and observed that the fastest breakdown did not occur in the water, as most engineers have assumed for well over a century, but was occurring on the waterline, where the organic matter was moist but surrounded by air not water."

"From these observations he knew intuitively that human waste and wastewater treatment were based on the wrong principles. Waste should neither be left to pickle in a dry heap, as in many existing composting toilets, nor left in the water to rot very slowly, like a septic.

The waste should be removed as fast as possible from the water and stocked with worms, beetles and other soil invertebrates, not just microorganisms. Organic matter should be allowed to breakdown rapidly and aerobically in a moist, organic, soil-like environment, created by burrowing invertebrates vital to this natural 'biolytic' ecosystem."

"The Biolytix system achieved the best results in the world for the most compact system."


Biolytix Has Won 8 Prestigious Awards.

It is sobering to compare the CO2 emissions from soil with those from the burning of fossil fuels. Dr Rattan Lal, Professor of Soil Science at Ohio State University and Director, Carbon Management and Sequestration Center, USA, has calculated that 476 Gt of carbon has been emitted from farmland soils due to inappropriate farming and grazing practices, compared with 270 Gt emitted from over 150 years of burning of fossil fuels.

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Renewable Soil
Soil Carbon Sequestation

Could Renewable Soil be the secret weapon the world is looking for? Enhance biological activity in the terrestrial biosphere - improve the productivity of agricultural land - and carbon flow.

http://renewablesoil.com


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Agrichar
Another Solution to Global Warming

A long time ago in the Amazon, dark fertile soil full of charcoal, pottery shards and compost was made - and even after thousands of years, terra preta stores more than twice the carbon of other soils.  

In NSW, a giant toaster is making syngas by slowly burning crop residues at low temperatures. The by-product of this renewable energy is a charcoal that retains about half of the original carbon. "Agrichar" technology. It uses the charcoal by-product to bury carbon in topsoil where it¹s needed for agriculture.

Their early results promise green energy, soil restoration and greenhouse mitigation from an affordable technology that can remove more CO2 from the atmosphere than is released.


http://www.abc.net.au/catalyst/stories/s2012892.htmv

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Soil

"A single gram of soil (about 1/5 teaspoon) can contain over 100 million bacteria, 1 million actinomycetes and 100,000 fungi with hyphae if strung together would measure 5 metres in length. The weight of these organisms would only account for 0.05 percent of the weight of the soil. Living soil and microorganisms. The size of a single bacteria is approximately 1 micron or 1 millionth of a metre - 100,000 bacteria placed end to end would measure 1 cm. - Wow !"

 
http://www.microorganisms.com/Living_Soil_and_Microorganisms.htm

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The Greening of Planet Earth: The Effects of Carbon Dioxide on the Biosphere

What effect does the burning of fossil fuels and the resulting emission of carbon dioxide (CO2) have on earth's biosphere? This question is posed to a number of leading scientists in The Greening of Planet Earth, an enlightening documentary that examines one of the most misunderstood environmental phenomena of the modern age. The Greening of Planet Earth examines the role that CO2 plays as one of nature's basic building blocks of life in the process of photosynthesis and the evolution of the earth's biosphere. Evidence is presented to show how current CO2 levels, which are 35 percent higher than in the pre-industrial era, have greatly enhanced the growth of trees and other plants. Results from controlled studies show how a doubling of CO2 in the atmosphere, which is expected to occur over the next century, will boost crop yields, increase the water-use efficiency of much of earth's vegetation, and enhance the productivity of forests. The impact and implications of such change are far-reaching.

http://www.co2science.org/scripts/CO2ScienceB2C/Index.jsp

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Brewing Energy
Beer Wastewater into Electricity.

Creating a microbial fuel cell, which feeds continuously on the organics in the brewery wastewater, turning it into electricity and clean water.

http://awmc.uq.edu.au/

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Microbial Fuel Cells
Microbial Fuel Cells

A microbial fuel cell (MFC) converts chemical energy, available in a bio-convertible substrate, directly into electricity. To achieve this, bacteria are used as a catalyst to convert substrate into electrons.


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Microbiogen


One alternative source of renewable substrates for large scale bio-ethanol production is the plant biomass termed lignocellulose. Relative to traditional feedstocks, lignocellulose is in plentiful supply at low cost. Sources include corn stover, sugar cane bagasse, wheat and rice straw, forestry wastes, waste paper, and other plant based wastes. Their usage would be relatively low cost because they are waste by-products from other industries such as agriculture and are not used as human food.

Our novel purely non-GM approach is based on our observation that natural strains of S. Cerevisiae can in fact produce microscopic colonies using xylose as a sole carbon source, provided they can be incubated for long enough periods (1-2 months). This unexpected observation directly contradicts scientific dogma established for many years, which states that 'Saccharomyces cerevisiae cannot grow at all on xylose'.

Using technology based on natural breeding and evolution we have been able to generate Saccharomyces yeast strains with improved ability to grow on xylose. Using our strategies, the rate of improvement in growth rate has been exponential. Doubling times of yeast have been reduced from over 140 hours to approximately three hours. Extrapolation of our data predicts that if growth rates continue to improve according to the current trajectory, growth rates on xylose equivalent to those observed on glucose will be achieved in approximately 18 months.

Significantly, ethanol production commenced from our strains when their growth rates became faster than approximately 6 hours per generation on xylose mineral minimal medium. The rate of improvement in ethanol production has been exponential and increased over four fold in five months and is continuing to improve in concert with growth rate.

Our data suggests that we will achieve industrially relevant rates of ethanol production as early as 18 months from now. Biochemical investigations into differences between slow and fast growing strains reveals faster strains have a hundred-fold increase in xylitol dehydrogenase activities, a 10-fold increase in xylose reductase activity, and slight increases in xylulose kinase activity. These differences indicate that our strategy is individually optimising specific activities within the relevant biochemical pathways.

http://www.microbiogen.com/

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BioChar

http://www.css.cornell.edu/faculty/lehmann/index.html

http://pubs.acs.org/subscribe/journals/esthag-w/2007/aug/tech/rr_biochar.html

http://www.thestar.com/article/215991

 
The Cornell Lehmann group have published a very good paper re soil chemistry and black carbon;
 
B. Liang et al. (11 authors) , ËœBlack carbon increases cation exchange capacity in soils" Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 70: 1719-1730 (2006).



Harnessing organisms to work without pay.




Decentralized Decarbonized Cogeneration Desalination & Power
RESEARCH


We are riding a new wave of industrial revolution into the RENEWABLE ENERGY AGE. Renewable Energies bring only advantages and no burden to the world.
The ECO SUSTAINABLE PLANET and ECO SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY sections often overlap - as crops become fuel and microorganisms make electricity - the line is blurred and indeed that is the desired 'interconnectedness' effect.
All these exciting new green technologies could become marketable at any time. To clarify exactly what is available now, you'll find WAPSEC is in the business of WATER & POWER SECURITY. WAPSEC supplies 'wholistec' solutions with leading-edge technology from Germany and Australia.
ECO SUSTAINABLE TECHNOLOGY Ecology and Technology working together in synergy. SUSTAINABLE is 24 x 7. ECO SUSTAINABLE is when there's no waste. The waste product of one process is fuel for the next.
THE AGE of ECOLOGICAL SUSTAINABILITY - inspiration leads to innovation, and solutions provide engineers and architects methodologies to green the world. Man learns to live with the planet.
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